Can you avoid later life dementia?
Lifestyle habits that include better diet, exercise and brain exercises may significantly improve your brain function as you age. A Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability used lifestyle intervention in participants aged 60 to 77 years who had an increased risk for dementia later in life. These people were also at risk for cognitive decline. The control group received information and advice on lifestyle modification. The intervention group received additional training on nutrition, exercise, cognition, and management of vascular risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes).
After 24 months, the intervention group showed improvements in total cognitive scores, executive functioning, and processing speed compared with the control group, even after accounting for sociodemographic factors, socioeconomic status, baseline cognition, cardiovascular risk factors, and cardiovascular comorbidity at baseline.
Credit: Jennifer Rose V. Molano, MD